Have you ever been in a conversation with someone and wanted to stop them mid sentence and say, "I have no idea what you are talking about!" ?


I know I have. 

I don't want to come across stupid or ignorant so I nod and smile graciously.

It's funny how we presume people are at the same level of understanding we are.

Every industry has terminology that only people within the industry would understand. It's called talking shop. Ie, Talking shop for a guitarist would be 'a guitar bridge'.

To most people who aren't in the music industry, it's jargon.

I remember when I started work in the print industry, the first conversations that took place involved a lot of industry terms that unless I had been there for some time I had no idea what they meant.

Things like, 'your saddle stitched booklet can have a gloss cover of 250 gsm but the internals need to be on bond stock.'

I saw this language spilling over into conversations with customers. I could see the frustration from both parties because there was a loss in translation. 

Expectations weren't met and jobs had to be revisited time and again. This of coarse, costing both parties a lot of wasted time and money.

The reality is we forget what it was like when we first started in our industry. We learned the language over a series of years. It stands to reason then - Why do we expect customers to know these terms within the first contact stages?

The truth is, 'talking shop' can actually be quite unproductive in communicating. Not all customers need to know the deep inner workings of our industry.

I received some business advice that I am trying to implement in the early stages of our business.

  • Marketing material should be in layman's terms and very clear.
  • Never presume someone knows what you know - including staff.
  • Get to work on clear precise material to educate staff and clients (if they need to know) to shorten their learning curve. And keep it close for all parties to refer to constantly.



I will never forget being asked a very valid question when I first started as graphic designer in a printing firm many years ago. 

A friend asked, "Will all your printing be digital printing?" ummmm I stammered trying to think what he meant. “There's different kinds of printing?” I thought to myself, I mean you send the artwork to a printer and it prints, that’s all I know!

All the while my mind was racing to find an answer that closely resembled someone who had studied a 3 year degree in graphic design.

I had to come clean and ask what he meant by digital printing.

His expression was a little bewildered and my embarrassment was valid.

I should've known, I mean graphic designers design for print all the time but it never ceased to amaze me how little many “graphic designers” understood about the printing process. 

The number one culprit - yours truly.

There are in fact 2 forms of printing on paper stocks each with benefits and pitfalls that most people should at least be aware of, customers included. Here is a surface look at the two kinds.

The 2 major forms of printing are 'Digital' & 'Offset'.

Digital printing.

Digital printing is a term used for any print job that is created from a softcopy (not physical) like the birthday card that you recently designed and sent digitally to the printer next to you. This could be an ink jet printer or a laser printer. The print out is created from a digital copy of your artwork. Many print shops, offices and homes will have a digital printer. This is digital printing.

Offset printing.

An offset printer is a much larger machine, some take up the size of a whole room. Without going into too much detail, the process involves generating a hard copy (physical) of the artwork onto a what is called a plate. 

Because the Colours are made up of four colours CMYK (see article on ‘a question of colour’) there are 4 plates, one for each colour. 

These impressions of your artwork are then 'offset' onto the paper through the large printer's rollers. To cut a long story short there are a few more processes involved.

“So what does that mean for me?” I hear you ask. Well if you have an interest in doing things right there are some very important differences that affect you with...

A - the quality of your project and

B - the price of your project.

Here are some issues you need to know regarding the two.

DIGITAL Negatives

Industry standard for digital printing is to allow for up to 20% variation in colour and shift (movement) in the artwork of your project. 

So if artwork or a phone number digit is too close to the edge it may be trimmed off! It could also mean that when you birthday card is folded - the edges may not align properly up to 3mm.

And this is something you need to prepare for and understand that it won’t be refunded if queried! It is perfectly normal for digital printing. Why? Simply put, it is because there are a lot more human processes that affect the final result eg. The printing, cutting, scoring, folding etc.

DIGITAL Positives

It’s cheaper - But it’s only cheaper for quantities of less than 500. Let's face it, for something like birthday cards you would probably only need 100 at most! Unless you are a very friendly person. 

Digital printing will be the only option for you in this case.

You will be paying close to triple the cost for 100 cards printed offset.

It’s faster -  You can expect to get the printing done anywhere between 1-3 days, maybe even instantly at some printers.

I call these high risk print jobs

because many times, in my experience, the expectations of the customer wasn't met with the rush producing more errors, not allowing time to look for potential issues that may occur. 

Essentially, expecting offset quality for a digital job.

OFFSET Negatives

Longer turn around time (the time it takes for your job to get back to you). 3-5 working days approx. Preparing the job to print takes a little longer. You won’t be able to see a printed sample of the job because the machine will needed to be set up just to print one! - this isn't going to happen.

Can be more expensive for less prints. Let me break it down, you will be paying a setup cost to print 50 birthday cards offset - the setup of the machine will be more expensive than actually printing 50 cards. So the margin starts to decrease the more cards you get and then becomes cheaper than digital printing when you get more than 500 or so.

OFFSET Positives

Offset printing is great for a more accurate finish (the outcome of your product). Colours are infused into the paper to produces a better quality image. There are still variables that are out of control of any printer, however they are far less common through a more automatic processes.

You can print specific colours - like corporate colours. Spot colours (premixed inks that have a number related to their colour.) Like paint swatches.

It is cheaper in the long run. The unit cost (cost per print) becomes cheaper the more you get. Large quantities like postcards, magazines, brochures and mail outs become more affordable because the setup cost is lost within the price of printing a large amount.


So how do you decide which is best?!

The good news is you don’t have to decide on your own. This is a good question for your customer service representative at your printing service.

Here is a quick reference as a GUIDE ONLY!

What is the most important issue to you:

Quality - Offset

Quantity - Less than 250 units then Digital

Turn around Time - 1- 2 days for Digital, 3 - 5 days for Offset

Cost - Less than 250 prints is cheaper Digital


What are qr codes

You may have seen plenty of these strange looking square bar-codes around recently.

These "things" are called 'QR Codes', short for Quick Response Codes.

You will most likely be seeing them around a lot more too, with their purpose playing a larger role in the marketing strategy of many companies.

They are actually a really simple concept and not as scary as you think to implement. 

I like to think of them as 'hyperlinks' in the real world. What's a hyperlink? When you click on a websites link and you end up at the next online destination.

Instead of using your mouse to point and click, you use your smart phone or other smart device to scan them. (You can download free Apps to do this.)

You will be taken via your device to whatever information the company wants to show you, whether it's a video, store process or a website.

If you think about it - it could be a great tool for your business. 

You could simply create one and place it on a poster. Curiosity could get people scanning the image just to see where it takes them.

Or why not put one on your next promotional flyer or business card to direct the potential client to your companies website. 

It certainly is a lot quicker than scrambling to type in the web address.

The potential is endless. Here are a couple of clever and practical uses.

clever qr code

 Against a shop front for drive by scans!


Edible QR Codes. (Great idea for a cafe)

If you want to know more about how to download the Apps or how to use one in your next design or print project contact us at HTH Design.